• Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    “Our good web-master once posted an article of mine on this website about attracting kingfishers to urban gardens LINK. “As a follow-up to that, I decided to do this...

  • The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    In May 1943, GC Madoc published “An Introduction to Malayan Birds.” He wrote his manuscript in Singapore’s Changi Prison where he was interned when the country fell into the...

  • Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    1. Collecting birds: In the 19th century the equipment needed to study birds was the gun. Another skill necessary was a good stuffing technique in order to preserve the specimens....

  • Documenting bird calls and songs

    Documenting bird calls and songs

    Many local birdwatchers are able to recognise the birds behind the songs. However, interest in most cases ends there except for a few who make basic recordings. Erik Mobrand...

  • Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    The first part of the series by aviculturist Lee Chiu San deals with whether birds can be tamed and whether they will remain tamed. The second part looks at whether it is...

  • Postings your observations and images

    Postings your observations and images

    Why should you post your observations and images? Southeast Asian birds are poorly studied in terms of behaviour and ecology. By posting your observations (and this include...

  • Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    The above paper has just been published. Nature in Singapore is a peer-reviewed, online journal that publishes articles on the flora and fauna (e.g., biology, botany, zoology,...

Little Spiderhunter – nectar feeding and sexing

13 Nov 2014   in Feeding-plants, Morphology-Develop. No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Little Spiderhunter  – nectar feeding and sexing “Had an opportunity to watch an adult Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra cinereicollis) at close range for an extended period with lots of images. “This spiderhunter feeds on the flower nectar of Papaya (Carica papaya) (top) and Banana (Musa sp.) (above). “Posting this image (above, below) as it show the underside of wing and pectoral region. There are varying opinions about sexing in this species summarised below” 1. Wells (2007) The birds of the... Read More

YELLOW-BARRED FLUTTERER MATING

12 Nov 2014   in Fauna, Videography No Comments »
Contributed by Dr. Leong Tzi Ming
YELLOW-BARRED FLUTTERER MATING “While exploring a local lotus pond in September 2014, I was delighted by the diversity of dragonfly inhabitants, including the Yellow-barred Flutterer (Rhyothemis phyllis, family Libellulidae). When not floating and flying around, they would perch briefly on the lotus plants (above). “Video clips of these dragonflies at home and at ease in their pond habitat may be previewed below: “Although this is a rather common and widespread species, we rarely get... Read More

All bees visiting flowers of Singapore Rhododendron must indulge in “buzz pollination”

11 Nov 2014   in Fauna No Comments »
Contributed by YC Wee
All bees visiting flowers of Singapore Rhododendron must indulge in "buzz pollination" Singapore Rhododendron (Melastome malabathricum) is a weedy shrub with showy pinkish flowers. Details of the flower parts and some of the fauna associated with the plant have been posted earlier HERE. Most of the time we are aware of the large Carpenter Bees (Xylocopa spp.) visiting the flowers for the nectar and pollen. The image at the top and the video clip above show X. latipes landing heavily on the flowers. By then pollen grains would have covered its body, shot out... Read More

Adult male Lesser Yellownape feeding on fruits

10 Nov 2014   in Feeding strategy, Feeding-plants No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Adult male Lesser Yellownape feeding on fruits “As I mentioned earlier LINK, I observed this Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) fruit feeding. “It had been raining for 2 hours and when it stopped the birds were hungry and we observed a number of mixed-foraging parties. “One mixed-foraging party comprised this male Lesser Yellownape with a pair of Little Cuckoo-doves (Macropygia ruficeps), 6-7 Silver-eared Mesias (Leiothrix argentauris), 2 female Yellow-rumped Flycatchers (Ficedula zanthopygia), 1 Asian... Read More

Bats in my porch: 20. When the female rejects the male

09 Nov 2014   in Fauna, Videography 3 Comments »
Contributed by YC Wee
Bats in my porch: 20. When the female rejects the male At the roost, the dominant male Common Fruit Bat (Cynopterus brachyotis) is constantly on the lookout for females in oestrus (above). He will move from one female to another with outstretched wings, regularly flapping them vigorously. Most of the time the female that is being courted hangs from the roost quietly with wings wrapped tightly round her body. Only once in a long while will she groom herself. The male remains in front of the female for as long as 20-30 minutes... Read More

LEOPARD LINGERING ON LOTUS

08 Nov 2014   in Fauna, Videography No Comments »
Contributed by Dr Leong Tzi Ming
LEOPARD LINGERING ON LOTUS The Leopard (Phalanta phalantha phalantha, family Nymphalidae, subfamily Heliconiinae) is a relatively common butterfly species in Singapore and may be found in secondary growth within urban parks and gardens (Khew, 2010). It is known to be restless and skittish, constantly on the move. On the morning of 20th September 2014, I was able to observe an individual of this species in the middle of a lotus pond (top, above). It had landed upon the mature seed pod of the lotus... Read More

Everett’s White-eye feeding on Poikilospermum nectar

07 Nov 2014   in Feeding-plants No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Everett's White-eye feeding on Poikilospermum nectar “The epiphytic climber Poikilospermum suaveolens (Family: Urticaceae) is favourite of many birds, see: LINK. “In the past I have seen three birds feed on (eat) the flowers to get to the nectar: 1. Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush (Garrulax mitratus) LINK. 2. Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis) LINK. 3. Streaked Spiderhunters (Arachnothera magna) LINK. “Today at this [Cameron Highlands] hill station I saw the Everett’s White-eye doing doing... Read More

The day a fruit fell from above…

06 Nov 2014   in Fauna, Plants No Comments »
Contributed by Rosemary Chng, Dr Leong Tzi Ming & YC Wee
The day a fruit fell from above… One evening at around 19:30 hours, Rosemary Chng was standing outside the gate of her house under a Trumpet tree (Tabebuia sp.). Suddenly she gave a yell when something landed on her head. Her boys were amused as they thought she was ‘delusional’. By then Rosemary was nursing a small ‘buah duku’ on her head. Buah duku is Malay for the Duku (Lansium domesticum), a local fruit that comes in bunches of small round fruits. People usually refer to bumps on the head as... Read More

© INSIGHTS TO AVIAN BATHERS

05 Nov 2014   in Comfort behaviour 2 Comments »
Contributed by Daisy O'Neill
© INSIGHTS TO AVIAN BATHERS “From early sightings and articles of the ubiquitous Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) in ‘A Japy-Romano’s Avian Bath’ LINK to uncommon sightings of ‘Communal Baths by Golden Babblers’ LINK, there had been many more feather maintenances’ situations observed, as I took thereafter to roads less travelled; doing it solo to various regions in South East Asia, behind the Wallacea Line to Down Under regions to look and observe what birds did. “From the many... Read More

Brown-throated Sunbird feeding Dillenia suffruticosa seeds

04 Nov 2014   in Feeding-plants, Sunbirds No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Brown-throated Sunbird  feeding Dillenia suffruticosa seeds “Spotted a female Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis malacensis) feeding on the fruit of the Simpoh Air (Dillenia suffruticosa). “Numerous feeding episodes were observed. This is a common shrub of disturbed open forest with large yellow flowers. Ivan Polunin, Plants and Flowers of Malaysia 1988, says ‘The red fruits open before dawn into several segments, exposing the red-fleshed seemingly tasteless seeds which are so attractive to birds that they are... Read More