• Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    “Our good web-master once posted an article of mine on this website about attracting kingfishers to urban gardens LINK. “As a follow-up to that, I decided to do this...

  • The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    In May 1943, GC Madoc published “An Introduction to Malayan Birds.” He wrote his manuscript in Singapore’s Changi Prison where he was interned when the country fell into the...

  • Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    1. Collecting birds: In the 19th century the equipment needed to study birds was the gun. Another skill necessary was a good stuffing technique in order to preserve the specimens....

  • Documenting bird calls and songs

    Documenting bird calls and songs

    Many local birdwatchers are able to recognise the birds behind the songs. However, interest in most cases ends there except for a few who make basic recordings. Erik Mobrand...

  • Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    The first part of the series by aviculturist Lee Chiu San deals with whether birds can be tamed and whether they will remain tamed. The second part looks at whether it is...

  • Postings your observations and images

    Postings your observations and images

    Why should you post your observations and images? Southeast Asian birds are poorly studied in terms of behaviour and ecology. By posting your observations (and this include...

  • Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    The above paper has just been published. Nature in Singapore is a peer-reviewed, online journal that publishes articles on the flora and fauna (e.g., biology, botany, zoology,...

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot – immature female feeding on Macaranga gigantea fruits and leaf galls

23 Aug 2015   in Feeding-invertebrates, Feeding-plants 2 Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot – immature female feeding on Macaranga gigantea fruits and leaf galls “Returned to the same tree today and spotted 2 Blue-crowned Hanging Parrots (Loriculus galgulus) feeding on the fruit of the Giant Mahang (Macaranga gigantea) (above). This was not unexpected as I have seen them feed on the Common Mahang (Macaranga bancana), a behaviour I saw a number of times today. They usually turn up later than other birds; usually midmorning. “What is unusual is the subsequent feeding I observed. Some of the leave of this tree have ‘growths’.... Read More

Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot eats Alexandra Palm flowers

22 Aug 2015   in Feeding-plants, Videography No Comments »
Contributed by YC Wee
One evening in May 2015, a strange sound caused me to rush outside into my garden. There, clinging around the whitish inflorescence branches of one of my Alexandra palms (Archontophoenix alexandrae) was a Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot (Loriculus galgulus). The hanging-parrot was plucking and eating the whitish flowers for their nectar. According to Collar (1997), the food of this hanging-parrot includes flowers of Erythrina and Durian (Durio zibethinus). Wells (1999)... Read More

Elbowed Pierrot butterfly puddling on a crab

21 Aug 2015   in Butterflies and Moths 1 Comment »
Contributed by Chan Yoke Meng, Melinda Chan & Prof Peter Ng
Elbowed Pierrot butterfly puddling on a crab On 23rd July 2015, Melinda Chan sent in an image taken by Chan Yoke Meng (below) at the MacRitchie Reservoir. They came across of group of small (25-30 mm) forest butterflies, the Elbowed Pierrot (Caleta elna elvira), by a stream at the MacRitchie Reservoir forest. These butterflies were seen puddling on the damp path – see HERE and HERE. When reviewing the photographs later, they became aware of a butterfly puddling on a small crab (unsure whether dead or alive). We... Read More

Common Moorhen – up close

20 Aug 2015   in Morphology-Develop., Species 2 Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Common Moorhen - up close “I was given an uncommon opportunity to get close by this adult Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus orientalis)… “…that was sunning and preening in the early part of the morning. “I suspect my numerous visits to the Reed Warblers has made this bird familiar with me. “I took the opportunity to focus on plumage and bare parts for documentation.” Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia 13th May 2014 Location: Tambun... Read More

Red-whiskered Bulbul and Singapore Rhododendron

19 Aug 2015   in Feeding-plants No Comments »
Contributed by YC Wee
Red-whiskered Bulbul and Singapore Rhododendron Singapore Rhododendron (Melastoma malabathricum) is a common exotic weedy shrub found in open areas all over Singapore. The fruits are sought after by birds that in turn help spread the seeds – see below, extracted from this LINK. The above image of the Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) was taken on 10th May 2015 in my garden. The image below was taken two months... Read More

© Scaly-Breasted Munia Eats Canine Excreta at Sepilok – N. Borneo

18 Aug 2015   in Miscellaneous No Comments »
Contributed by Daisy O’Neill
© Scaly-Breasted Munia Eats Canine Excreta at Sepilok - N. Borneo “A stroll survey along village road caught my attention of fresh canine excreta. My presence flushed small flocks of three munia species foraging along roadside of overgrown grass lallang (Imperata cylindrical). “A pair of Bornean endemic – Dusky Munia (Lonchura fuscans) featured here (above). “Cousin Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) flew onto the road and with much curiosity decided to peck at the canine poo (above). “Having tasted the 1st... Read More

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater mating

17 Aug 2015   in Bee-eaters, Courtship-Mating No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater mating “I was watching bitterns but happened to look up and saw this pair of Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti leschenaultia) mating (above). “Note that the male is visibly bigger that the female in both images (male on the right in image above). In literature there is little to differentiate the sexes. Not sure if what we have here is just a ‘smaller’ than usually female (or bigger male).” Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS Ipoh, Perak,... Read More

The truth behind “Saving Sungei Buloh”

16 Aug 2015   in Conservation 4 Comments »
Contributed by YC Wee
The truth behind “Saving Sungei Buloh” Singapore’s Sunday Times of 9th August 2015 carried an article entitled “Saving Sungei Buloh” – LINK. It gave a new version of how the Nature Society succeeded in persuading government to set aside a piece of mangroves for a bird sanctuary more than 20 years ago. I am in total agreement with the sub-caption “A feather in the cap of Nature Society, whose hard work to get area conserved succeeds.” Everything else projected in the article is questionable. I am... Read More

PEACOCK PANSY VISITS BOUGAINVILLEA

15 Aug 2015   in Butterflies and Moths, Videography No Comments »
Contributed by Dr Leong Tzi Ming
PEACOCK PANSY VISITS BOUGAINVILLEA “Although Bougainvillea bushes are so widespread all around Singapore, few of us actually pay close attention to the insect visitors. Thus far, the Lime Butterfly (Papilio demoleus malayanus, family Papilionidae, subfamily Papilioninae) has been reported to drink nectar from their flowers LINK. “On the morning of 22nd July 2014, I had the pleasure of watching a Peacock Pansy (Junonia almana, family Nymphalidae, subfamily Nymphalinae) probing the flowers of... Read More

Conflict between Yellow-vented Bulbul and Lesser Coucal

14 Aug 2015   in Intraspecific No Comments »
Contributed by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Conflict between Yellow-vented Bulbul and Lesser Coucal “The Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) nests in a variety of environments, including over water, on Water Hyacinths and in reeds. I observed a pair ‘defending’ their nest from a variety of birds that reside in the same habitat. “A Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) accidently came too close and one of the Yellow-vented Bulbuls swooped in, and landed hard on its back to chase it away. I missed the opportunity to document an image. “A more prolonged... Read More