• Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    “Our good web-master once posted an article of mine on this website about attracting kingfishers to urban gardens LINK. “As a follow-up to that, I decided to do this...

  • The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    In May 1943, GC Madoc published “An Introduction to Malayan Birds.” He wrote his manuscript in Singapore’s Changi Prison where he was interned when the country fell into the...

  • Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    1. Collecting birds: In the 19th century the equipment needed to study birds was the gun. Another skill necessary was a good stuffing technique in order to preserve the specimens....

  • Documenting bird calls and songs

    Documenting bird calls and songs

    Many local birdwatchers are able to recognise the birds behind the songs. However, interest in most cases ends there except for a few who make basic recordings. Erik Mobrand...

  • Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    The first part of the series by aviculturist Lee Chiu San deals with whether birds can be tamed and whether they will remain tamed. The second part looks at whether it is...

  • Postings your observations and images

    Postings your observations and images

    Why should you post your observations and images? Southeast Asian birds are poorly studied in terms of behaviour and ecology. By posting your observations (and this include...

  • Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    The above paper has just been published. Nature in Singapore is a peer-reviewed, online journal that publishes articles on the flora and fauna (e.g., biology, botany, zoology,...

Asian Glossy Starlings: Pre-roost gatherings

in Roosting, Videography  on Oct 03, 14 No Comments »
Asian Glossy Starlings: Pre-roost gatherings Every evening starting at around 1800h, the Asian Glossy Starlings (Aplonis panayensis), mostly juveniles, with some adults, will gather in my ceram palms (Rhopaloblaste ceramica) (above, below). Once on the fronds of the palm, they move about the fronds, sometimes pecking noisily at the edges of the leaflets, probably to feed on the insects. They do not stay long in the palm, flying off to be replaced by others flying in. Across the road, the two Mempat trees... Read More

Why do birds roost in some trees but not others?

in Roosting  on Sep 25, 14 No Comments »
Why do birds roost in some trees but not others? In a study on pest birds by Sodhi & Sharp (2006), the authors listed a number of tree species favoured by some of the more common birds as roosting trees. By late evenings, you could hear the loud, shrill cries around these trees as the birds swarm around preparing to roost in the trees. The noise continues for some time until the birds settled for the night. Early next morning the cacaphony of calls would start again until they fly off to their feeding grounds. The... Read More

Bats roosting in my porch: 7. Arrival of the Common Fruit Bats

in Fauna, Roosting, Videography  on Aug 19, 14 4 Comments »
Bats roosting in my porch: 7. Arrival of the Common Fruit Bats A few years ago a family of Common Fruit Bats (Cynopterus brachyotis) consisting of an alpha male and his harem of females roosted in my porch LINK. But then the mess they left on the floor below left me with no choice but to discourage their presence. The colony has now gone and in its place are groups that arrive at two different times, to rest for a few hours after a heavy meal. I have managed to partially discourage them, especially the early morning group LINK but not... Read More

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater – Roosting behaviour

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater – Roosting behaviour “I have watched this particular behaviour many times with my wife, usually when out cycling in the early morning. When not breeding, a group of Chestnut-headed Bee-eaters (Merops leschenaulti leschenaultia) roost over night at a dead Rain Tree (Albizia saman) in my area. “In the past (2-3 years ago) numbers were 40-45. Now numbers have increased to more than 300 and nearby rain trees have been commandeered. My comments below are based on many years of casual observation... Read More

More Observations On Red Junglefowl Behaviour (Continued)

More Observations On Red Junglefowl Behaviour (Continued) “With a large community of Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) in my condo, ranging from adults to new-born chicks, their presence give me many opportunities to observe their behaviour. Red Junglefowl Confronts Own Reflection “There have been many records of different species of birds confronting their own reflections in this website. Here is another one to add to the list (below). “I was alerted to the episode in the afternoon of 27th September 2013 when family members... Read More

Roosting of Long-tailed Parakeet

in Roosting, Videography  on Sep 06, 13 No Comments »
Roosting of Long-tailed Parakeet Ng Bee Choo reported seeing about 200 Long-tailed Parakeets (Psittacula longicauda) roosting in the Rain Tree (Albizia saman) (above). She saw them flying in at around 7pm on 13th July 2013 at the junction of Sembawang Road and Yishun Avenue 5. However, when she went past the area a few weeks later, the trees there had been trimmed. It is interesting to note that these parakeets prefers a tree with a relatively open crown to roost. Come late evening, the compound leaves of... Read More

Roosting of Pink-necked Green-pigeons

in Roosting, Waste  on Aug 26, 13 No Comments »
Roosting of Pink-necked Green-pigeons The Pink-necked Green-pigeons (Treron vernans) have always been using the fronds of the pair of ceram palms (Rhopaloblaste ceramica) in my garden to rest during most evenings (above). They would make their low pitch cooing and the males would court the females, flying from frond to frond to perch besides a potential mate. The female would move away sideways or fly off to another frond if she was not attracted to the male. As the sun sets, the pigeons would fly off to... Read More

Community of Urban Red Junglefowl

Tang Hung Bun spent a few days observing a group of about 30 Red Junglefowls (Gallus gallus) in a one hectare field somewhere along Upper Thomson Road LINK. The field is a popular foraging ground for these Red Junglefowls. The scattered trees and shrubs around the periphery provide shelter for the chicks. These chicks are at times attacked by some of the adult males. They are also targeted by raptors from above. In fact Hung Bun did witness a failed attempt by a raptor to... Read More


in Roosting, Videography  on Mar 30, 13 No Comments »
SOUTH ISLAND PIED OYSTERCATCHER HIGH-TIDE ROOST “On the morning of 11th January 2013, I was cruising along the quiet coastline of Golden Bay, South Island, New Zealand, when a brief rest stop provided me with a good view of the high-tide roost of an aggregation of South Island Pied Oystercatchers (Haematopus finschi, Maori name: Torea) (above). “The flock was approximately 200 strong and huddled together on an exposed stretch of stony shoreline (above). As the incoming tide continued its advance, the birds... Read More

The Complete Plant-Bird Relationship – version 1.0

This is the complete list of Plant-Bird Relationship posted in the Bird Ecology Study Group’s website since 2005. We have included mainly plants found in Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand with a few exceptions from India. A very few items have come from published books, but these are again exceptions. This list has been compiled from the 15 separate posts published earlier in this website. The non-flowering plants (algae, lichens, mosses and liverworts and ferns) head... Read More