• Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    Water(hen) in the (bird) brain

    “Our good web-master once posted an article of mine on this website about attracting kingfishers to urban gardens LINK. “As a follow-up to that, I decided to do this...

  • The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    The Birds of Singapore – an online book

    In May 1943, GC Madoc published “An Introduction to Malayan Birds.” He wrote his manuscript in Singapore’s Changi Prison where he was interned when the country fell into the...

  • Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    Videocam: A powerful tool for studying birds

    1. Collecting birds: In the 19th century the equipment needed to study birds was the gun. Another skill necessary was a good stuffing technique in order to preserve the specimens....

  • Documenting bird calls and songs

    Documenting bird calls and songs

    Many local birdwatchers are able to recognise the birds behind the songs. However, interest in most cases ends there except for a few who make basic recordings. Erik Mobrand...

  • Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    Should attempts be made to tame wild birds?

    The first part of the series by aviculturist Lee Chiu San deals with whether birds can be tamed and whether they will remain tamed. The second part looks at whether it is...

  • Postings your observations and images

    Postings your observations and images

    Why should you post your observations and images? Southeast Asian birds are poorly studied in terms of behaviour and ecology. By posting your observations (and this include...

  • Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    Nature Society: The struggle for Singapore’s nature areas

    The above paper has just been published. Nature in Singapore is a peer-reviewed, online journal that publishes articles on the flora and fauna (e.g., biology, botany, zoology,...

Banded Bay Cuckoo – conflict with Common Iora

Banded Bay Cuckoo – conflict with Common Iora “I was engrossed, watching the Baya Weavers nectar feeding, when abruptly a Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonneratii sonneratii) flew into the tree overhead (above, below). In retrospect I realised it was following a pair of Common Ioras (Aegithina tiphia) that had been making their way past me. “It was just a few meters overhead but fearless of me, so intent was it on finding the Iora’s nest. I observed it searching all the branches in the tree I was under and it... Read More

Pellets from Tuas: 5. Black-shouldered Kites and House Crows

in Crows, Interspecific, Raptors  on Mar 18, 15 No Comments »
Pellets from Tuas: 5. Black-shouldered Kites and House Crows The pair of Black-shouldered Kites (Elanus caeruleus) nesting in Tuas was regularly harassed by the pair of House Crows (Corvus splendens) nesting a little down the road. The crows were obviously after the kites’ eggs and chicks. The presence of plentiful mice around the area kept the adults close to the nest. This meant that the adults could keep close watch on the marauding crows. To date, all four chicks were alive and well. One one occasion, an adult kite was... Read More

Juvenile Rufous-bellied Eagle mobbed

in Interspecific, Raptors  on Oct 05, 14 No Comments »
Juvenile Rufous-bellied Eagle mobbed “I have occasional seen mynas group together and the flock chases off a raptor. Seen this happen with a White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), a Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) in my neighbourhood and other raptors. Today saw 20-25 Jungle Mynas (Acridotheres fuscus) (below) mobbed a juvenile Rufous-bellied Eagle (Hieraaetus kienerii) for quite some distance (above and bottom). “I am uncertain if this is the local Hieraaetus kienerii formosus or a... Read More

Banded Kingfisher injured female

Banded Kingfisher injured female “I was trailing a raptor (Crested Goshawk) in primary forest adjacent to a stream when I almost stepped on this adult female Banded Kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella pulchella). “She appeared dazed and was extensively covered in ants. I did not bother much with images (so images here are taken later when I had some time) and enabled her to move further on the rocky riverside surface, away from the mass of ants. “The above image shows the bird with ants and nictitating... Read More

Common Flameback confrontations

Common Flameback confrontations “I was tracking a pair of Common Flamebacks (Dinopium javanense) this morning (26th June 2014) and was fortunate enough to observe three episodes of their behaviour; one of which was interspecies and the other two within the species. (Image above shows the pair, photographed some time ago in the same locality.) Interspecies Aggression: “The female was foraging when she encountered a plantain squirrel (Callosciurus notatus). A standoff ensued. It was unclear if... Read More

Proliferation of Crimson-rumped Waxbill

Proliferation of Crimson-rumped Waxbill “Since my report last year of a large number of introduced Crimson-rumped Waxbills settling at Halus LINK, I chanced upon an even bigger flock of at least 20 birds at Gardens By The Bay last weekend (above and below). “They are feeding side by side with resident Zebra Doves (Geopelia striata)… “…Scaly-breasted Munias (Lonchura punctulata) (above) and Chestnut Munias (Lonchura atricapilla) (below), presumably on the same grasses. At the rate these... Read More

The St. Andrew’s Cross Spiders and birds

in Fauna, Interspecific  on Mar 31, 14 1 Comment »
The St. Andrew’s Cross Spiders and birds If you are walking along the forest edge, you may encounter a spider’s web with a prominent pure white “X” in the centre. Take a closer look. The entire web may not be very visible, but the central cross is. The cross-shaped structure is made up of zigzag bands of shiny pure white silk. Resting on this cross is the spider, head pointing downwards, legs paired and outstretched to align with the cross (above). Thus the common name, St. Andrew’s Cross (Argiope... Read More

Von Schrenck’s Bittern confronts a mudskipper

Von Schrenck’s Bittern confronts a mudskipper The Von Schrenck’s Bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus) is an uncommon winter visitor to Singapore, arriving from October to December. Some birds that are passage migrants continue to fly south after refueling, to return around March. These join up with the winter visitors to fly back north to their breeding grounds in SE Siberia, Manchuria, China and Japan. The video above by Jeremiah Loei was recorded at the Pasir Ris mangrove at around 1830 hours when it was rather... Read More

Blue-winged Pitta and the Changeable Lizard

Jeremiah Loei was at Singapore’s Bididari LINK in October 2013 to observe the Blue-winged Pitta (Pitta moluccensis). This attractively coloured bird is an uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant that arrives around October to leave in the early part of April. The Blue-winged Pitta was lurking in the undergrowth when it suddenly flew into the open, landing close to a resting Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor). The lizard made a grab at the pitta, missing it by... Read More

Little (=Striated) Herons and crocodile

in Fauna, Interspecific  on Dec 26, 13 No Comments »
Little (=Striated) Herons and crocodile “An estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) was observed at Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve on 7th December 2013, about 9.30 am, on the old prawn pond that feeds the sluice gate a little left of the hide at the end of the main bridge. The crocodile, an individual often nicknamed ‘Broken Tail’, had been basking when I arrived at the scene, with its jaws agape; after a few minutes, it closed its jaws and made a few steps forward before slumping on the mud once... Read More