Plant-Bird Relationship: 6. Palmae

The earlier series: 1. Need for a Catalogue LINK; 2. Moraceae LINK; 3. Euphorbiaceae LINK; 4. Poaceae LINK; and 5. Fabaceae LINK.

Members of the plant family Palmae are mostly tree-like, except for rattans that are climbers. These palms are woody and either single-stemmed or clumped. Leaves are large and compound while flowers are non-colourful, unisexual or bisexual. The fruits are single-seeded.

In the following list, the different species of birds that visit the plants are listed below each plant species. Details are as follows:
1. Common name of bird.
2. Whether for food, to forage for insects, to roost, to collect nesting material or to nest.
3. Author of the post.
4. Date of posting
5. Habitat if in Singapore (BTNR = Bukit Timah Nature Reserve), otherwise country.
6. Link to the actual post on the website.


[l-r: Elaeia guineensis with fruits, Livinstona sp. and Rhopaloblaste ceramica]

Palmae
1. Archontophoenix alexandrae (Alexandra palm)
Bulbuls
Straw-headed Bulbul: ?fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_YCWee_180206_urban-garden – LINK
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK
Koels
Asian Koel: fruit_RSubaraj_110107_roadside – LINK
Asian Koel: fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK
Asian Koel: fruit_YCWee_030207_urban-garden – LINK
Asian Koel: fruit_KelvinLam_051207_park – LINK
Mynas
Hill Mynas: fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: ?fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK
Parakeets
Long-tailed Parakeet: female-flower_YCWee_180208_urban-garden – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starling: fruits_YCWee_010106_urban-garden – LINK
Asian Glossy Starling: fruit_YCWee_040107_urban-garden – LINK

2. Arenga engleri
Asian Koel: fruit_RCoreltt_010106_Hongkong – LINK

3. Carpentaria acuminata (Carpentaria palm)
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_KCTsang_110112_rural – LINK

4. Caryota mitis (fishtail palm)
Barbets
Lineated Barbet: fruit_AmarSingh_300310_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Sunbirds
Olive-backed Sunbird: leaf-bath_AmarSingh_020312_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

5. Caryota urens (fishtail palm)
Asian Koel: fruit_SSreedharan_221011_India – LINK

6. Cocos nucifera (coconut)
Dollarbirds
Dollarbirds: nesting_RSubaraj_211106_rural – LINK
Owls
Spotted Wood Owl: roost_HoShuping_120706_urban-garden – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_070811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_070811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Weavers
Baya Weaver: nesting_KCTsang_220506_rural – LINK

7. Cyrtostachys renda (lipstick palm)
Barbets
Coppersmith Barbet: nesting_TangHungBun-180405_roadside – LINK
Flowerpeckers
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker: fruit_AmarSingh_240111_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Munias
Scaly-breasted Munias: nesting_AmarSingh_240510_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Woodpeckers
Banded Woodpecker (=Yellownape): forage_AmarSingh_160212_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

8. Dypsis lutescens (Golden Cane Palm)
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker: fruit_AmarSingh_240111_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

9. Elaeis guineensis (oil palm)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_LenaChow_310811_park – LINK
Crows
House Crow: fruit_RichardCorlett_040911_India – LINK
Large-billed Crow: fruit_RichardCorlett_040911_?Singapore – LINK
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: fruit_YCWee_140307_park – LINK
Laughingthrushes
White-crested Laughingthrush: fruit_LenaChow_310811_park – LINK
Magpie-robins
Oriental Magpie-robin: ?fruit_LenaChow_310811_park – LINK
Parakeets
Long-tailed Parakeet: fruit_LenaChow_310811_park – LINK
Long-tailed Parakeets: fruit_YCWee_140307_park – LINK
Red-breasted Parakeet: fruit_KwongWaiChong_101010_urban – LINK
Rose-ringed Parakeets: fruit_YCWee_140307_park – LINK
Woodpeckers
Laced Woodpecker: insects_LenaChow_310811_park – LINK

10. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)
Koels
Asian Koel: fruit_RCoreltt_010106_Hongkong – LINK
Pigeons
Pied Imperial Pigeons: fruit_MarkChua_281208_park – LINK

11. Oncosperma sp. (nibong)
Dollarbirds
Dollarbirds: nesting_JonathanCheah_April-06_rural – LINK
Hornbills
Hornbill: fruit_Hornbill-Research-Foundation_Jan-08_Thailand – LINK

12. Phoenix sp.
Spotted Dove: nesting_JeremyLee_240208_urban-garden – LINK

13. Ptycospermun macarthuri (MacArthur palm)
Barbets
Gold-whiskered Barbet: fruit_AmarSingh_251110_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_YCWee_180206_urban-garden –LINK
Green-pigeons
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: fruit_HuangCheeTong_120509_roadside – LINK
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: fruit_HowardBanwell_200210_rural – LINK
Hornbills
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_KwongWaiChong_170510_urban – LINK
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_AngieNg_130307_roadside – LINK
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_ChanYokeMeng_100308_roadside – LINK
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_JWee_270109_roadside – LINK
Koels
Asian Koel: fruit_RSubaraj_110107_roadside – LINK
Asian Koel: fruit_LeongTziMing_220411_rural – LINK
Munias
Scaly-breasted Munia: nesting_AmarSingh_240510_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starling: fruit_AmarSingh_010610_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

14. Raphis excelsa (lady palm)
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nesting_RosalindTan_potted-plant – LINK

15. Rattan
Whitehead’s Broadbill: nesting_WeeHiangHer_181009_Sabah-Malaysia – LINK

16. Rhopaloblaste ceramica (ceram palm)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_YCWee_020506_urban-garden – LINK
Crows
House crow: nesting_YCWee_240106_urban-garden – LINK
Large-billed Crow: fruit_YCWee-RSubaraj-KCTsang_010311_urban-garden – LINK
Green-pigeons
Pink-necked Green-Pigeon: ?fruit_YCWee_180206_urban-garden – LINK
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: fruit_YCWee_020506_urban-garden – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starling: nest-material_YCWee_140606_urban-garden – LINK
Asian Glossy Starlings: fruit_YCWee_020506_urban-garden – LINK

Images by YC Wee and Tan Teo Seng.

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