Plant-Bird Relationship: 5. Fabaceae

The earlier series: 1. Need for a Catalogue LINK; 2. Moraceae LINK; 3. Euphorbiaceae LINK and 4. Poaceae LINK.

Members of the plant family Fabaceae, also known as Leguminosae, cover all the bean plants whose fruits are mostly elongated and at maturity split into two parts to liberate the seeds. Members can be herbs, shrubs or trees. Leaves are alternately arranged and mostly compound. Sepals and petals are in fives.

In the following list, the different species of birds that visit the plant are listed below each plant species. Details are as follows:
1. Common name of bird.
2. Whether for food, to forage for insects, to roost, to collect nesting material or to nest.
3. Author of the post.
4. Date of posting
5. Habitat if in Singapore (BTNR = Bukit Timah Nature Reserve…), otherwise country.
6. Link to the actual post on the website.


[l-r: Tamarindus indica leaves, Cassia surattensis flower and Mimosa pudica fruits]

Fabaceae
1. Acacia auriculiformis (acacia)
Flamebacks
Common Flameback: insects_AmarSingh_040210_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Honey-buzzards
Oriental Honey-buzzard: nesting_ChiuSeinChiong_180307_Perak-Malaysia – LINK
Treeswifts
Grey-rumped Treeswift: nesting_ChanYokeMeng-MChan_200707 – LINK
Weavers
Baya Weavers: nesting_SeowBoonEu_180809_Malaysia – LINK

2. Arachis pintoi (creeping peanut plant)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: flower_AmarSingh_250611_Perak-Malaysia – LINK

3. Bauhinia x blakeana (Hongkong orchid tree)
Straw-headed Bulbuls: petal-RichardHale_120810_urban-garden – LINK

4. Bauhinia kokiana
Doves
Zebra Dove: nesting_AmarSingh_110412_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Fantails
Pied Fantails: nesting_AmarSingh_02061 – LINK

5. Calliandra emarginata (powderpuff tree)
Olive-backed Sunbird: nesting_TeoGuttensohn_190707_apartment-balcony – LINK
[l-r: Tamarindus indica leaves, Cassia surattensis flower and Mimosa pudica fruits]

6. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: leaf-bath_AmarSingh_020312_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_110211_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Parakeets
Rose-ringed Parakeet: fruit_GeorginaChin_280311_urban-garden – LINK
Rose-ringed Parakeet: fruit_SunChongHong-AngieNg_210510_urban – LINK
Rose-ringed Parakeet: seed_SunChongHong_260911_Urban – LINK

7. Calliandra haematocephala (powderpuff)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_AmarSingh_191209_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_191209_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

8. Cassia fistula (golden shower)
Corellas
Tanimbar Coerlla: fruit_HowardBanwell_160209_roadside – LINK
Tanimbar Corella: fruit_GerardGoh_210609-roadside – LINK
Ioras
Common Iora: insects_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Sunbirds
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Trillers
Pied Triller: insects_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK

9. Clitoria fairchildiana
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK


[l-r: Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Erythrina crista-galli and Albizia samam]

10. Erythrina sp.
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: ?nectar_Wells-1999
Sunbirds
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK

11. Erythrina crista-galli (cockscomb tree)
Pink-necked Green Pigeon: nesting_YCWee_061105 – LINK

12. Erythrina variegata (coral tree)
Koels
Asian Koel: fruit_SSreedharan_221011_India – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: nectar_AmarSingh_300411_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_191209_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

13. Leucaena leucocephalia (leucaena, petai jawa)
Corellas
Tanimbar Corella: fruit_KwongWaiChing_300110_urban – LINK
Tanimbar Corella: seeds_TanTeoSeng_010810_rural – LINK
Hornbills
Oriental Pied Hornbills: ?seed_TanTeoSeng_010810_Johor-Malaysia – LINK

14. Mimosa sp.
Baya Weaver: nesting_YCWee_250207_urban – LINK

15. Paraserianthes falcataria (albizia)
Dollarbirds
Dollarbird: insect_HoHuaChew_290108_rural – LINK
Fish-eagles
Grey-headed Fish-eagle: nesting_HoHuaChew_290108_rural – LINK
White-bellied Fish-eagle: nesting_HoHuaChew_290108_rural – LINK
Flamebacks
Common Flameback: insect_HCHo_290108_rural – LINK
Hawk-eagles
Changeable Hawk Eagle: nest_YCWee-HCHo_290108_rural LINK
Hornbills
Great hornbill: nesting_YCWee_040506_woodland – LINK
Great hornbill: nesting_YCWee_180506_URBAN – LINK
Rhinoceros hornbill: nesting_YCWee_040506_woodland – LINK
Mynas
Hill Myna: ?insect_HoHuaChew_290108_rural – LINK
Parakeets
Long-tailed Parakeet: ?fruit_HoHuaChew_290108_rural – LINK

16. Samanea (=Albizia) saman (rain tree)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: leaf_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Hornbills
Great Hornbill: roost_BrianNg-YCWee_300506_highrise-apartment – LINK
Sunbirds
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_031012_Kuching-Sarawak-Malaysia – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starling: leaves_CheongWengCheong_291205_Selangor-Malaysia – LINK

17. Peltophorum pterocarpum (yellow flame)
Crows
House Crow: nesting_WuEuHeng_090305_HDB-highrise – LINK
Parakeets
Red-Breasted Parakeet: insects_KwongWaiChong_170210_rural – LINK

18. Pithecellobium dulce (Madras thorn)
Barbets
Coppersmith Barbet: ?fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Lineated Barbet: fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Doves
Zebra Dove: ?fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Green-pigeons
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: ?fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Magpie-robins
Oriental Magpie-robin: fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Mynas
Javan Myna: fruit_RHale_161105_urban-garden – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Black-naped Oriole: fruit_AmarSingh_291111_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starling: fruit_AmarSingh_030811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

19. Pterocarpus indicus (angsana)
Corellas
Tanimbar Corella: nesting_MelanieVotaw-RSubaraj_030308_roadside – LINK
Crows
House Crow: nesting_AngieNg_191205_urban-garden – LINK
Honey-buzzards
Oriental Honey-buzzard: nesting_ChiuSeinChiong_180307_Perak-Malaysia – LINK
Hornbills
Oriental Pied Hornbill: nesting_ChanYokeMeng-MChan_031106_roadside – LINK
Oriental Pied Hornbill: nesting_ChanYokeMeng-MChan_090507_roadside – LINK
Mynas
Javan Myna: roost_WangLuanKeng-YCWee_200912_roadside – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: roost-DaisyO’Neill_060807_Penang-Malaysia – LINK
Owls
Collared Scops Owl: nesting_FRMallick_110507-roadside – LINK
Parakeets
Red-breasted Parakeet: nesting_ChanYekeMeng-MChan_210407_roadside – LINK
Red-breasted Parakeet: nesting_MelanieVotaw-RSubaraj_030308_roadside – LINK
Starlings
Purple-backed Starling: roost_WangLuanKeng-YCWee_200912_roadside – LINK

20. Saraca cauliflora = S. thaipingensis (yellow saraca)
Flowerpeckers
Scarlet-Backed Flowerpeckers: fruit_JamesHeng_300108_park – LINK
Flycatchers
Asian Brown Flycatcher: insect_KCTsang-GSreedharan_020309_forest – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_JamesHeng_300108_park – LINK
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_KCTsang_GSreedharan_020309_park – LINK
Crimson Sunbird: nectar_JamesHeng_300108_park – LINK
Crimson Sunbird: nectar_KCTsang_GSreedharan_020309_park – LINK
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_JamesHeng_300108_park – LINK
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_KCTsang_GSreedharan_020309_park – LINK
Purple-throated Sunbirds: nectar_JamesHeng_300108_park – LINK
Purple-throated Sunbird: nectar_KCTsang_GSreedharan_020309_park – LINK

21. Tamarinda indica (tamarind)
Asian Koel: fruit_GSreedharan_221011_??? – LINK

YC Wee
Singapore
October 2012

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