Birds are attracted to trees for the nesting materials they provide, for possible nesting sites and most importantly, the food available in the form of flower nectar, fruits and the insect fauna. In a garden of a limited size (see LINK), there are only so many trees that can be planted. So selecting the best species that attract the most number of birds is crucial. We have earlier discussed fig trees as one of the best to attract birds LINK. Here, we have a list of other trees that you can plant, and they are by no means they only trees that can be used.
1. Cherry tree, also known as buah cheri in Malay and Indian or Japanese cherry (Muntingia calabura) is a small sized and fast growing tree. The red, sweetish berries are magnets to birds that include barbets, bulbuls, flowerpeckers, pigeons and starlings LINK.
2. Common mahang (Macaranga bancana, previously M. triloba) is a medium-sized tree of our secondary forest. It is recognised from the three-lobed leaves and presence of ants inhabiting the hollow stems of twigs LINK. The fruits have been reported to be taken by spiderhunters, barbets and even sunbirds LINK.
3. Blue mahang (Macaranga heynei, previously M. javanica) is another smallish tree of our secondary forest. Fast growing, the leaves are simple and narrowly ovate. Observations from nearby Peninsular Malaysia LINK and from Singapore LINK. show sunbirds attracted to the tree for the fruits/seeds.
4. Madras thorn (Pithecellobium dulce) is a mid-sized exotic tree that had long became naturalised in this part of the world. Its use as a bird tree has not been generally recognized LINK. In Singapore it’s planting was discouraged decades ago, ever since an epidemic of caterpillars attacked a number of trees grown in a housing estate.
5. Neem or nim (Azadirachta indica) is a small to medium sized tree with fragrant white flowers. Well known to the Indians, it has been a part of their folk medicine (ayurvedic) since early times. All parts of the tree have their medicinal uses – to treat malaria, chickenpox, ulcers, wounds, hemorrhoids and even leprosy. In fact the plant is a pharmacy in its own right. However, what is not generally known is that the fruits attract hordes of birds, from oriole to pigeons, barbets and koels LINK.
6. Malayan teak (Vitex pubescens), another medium-sized tree, comes from our secondary forest (below left). There is a tendency of these trees to attract kerangga ants that build their nests. And the leaves are often infected with insect galls. This may discourage its planting in gardens but these insects attract insectivorous birds. The fruits are also sought after by birds.
7. Silver back (Rhodamnia cinera) is a mediu-sized native tree of our secondary forest (above centre). The fruits are sought after by birds, bats, squirrels and monkeys.
8. Wild cinnamon (Cinnamomum iners) is also a medium-sized tree from our secondary forest. Popularly grown along the roadsides, the bluish fruits attract many species of birds (above right).
9. Salam (Syzygium polyanthum) is another bird tree LINK. The tree is medium to large, commonly grown along the roadsides. Flowers are in small bunches, whitish and fragrant; and fruits are a favourite with birds like the Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans) LINK, among others
10. Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is a popular fruit tree planted in most gardens, The succulent fruits are a favourite with birds like parrots, leafbirds and spiderhuters LINK as well as hornbills LINK
11. Mango (Mangifera indica) is another popular fruit trees in gardens. The numerous insects that are attracted to the flowers are potential food for birds. The succulent fruits similarly attract birds like the oriole LINK.
1. Wee, Y. C. (2003). Tropical trees and shrubs – A selection for urban plantings. Sun Tree Pub., Singapore. 392pp.
2. Wee, Y.C. (2005). Plants that heal, thrill and kill. SNP Reference, Singapore. 172pp.